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Great East Japan Earthquake environmental risk assessment in Ishinomaki

Updated:05.16.2014

On March 11th, 2011, the magnitude 9.0 earthquake occurred in Sanriku off shore and massive tsunami devastated northeast and northern Kanto shores. Rakuno Gakuen University started dispatching volunteers regularly in May 2011 to Ishinomaki, Miyagi Prefecture where largest number of people died among city/townships in Japan. The university have been assessing environmental health risks of the areas affected by tsunami, together with Ishinomaki City Council.

Rakuno Gakuen University Veterinary Epidemiology(2014.05.16)|

Psychological and socio-economical researches associated with animal health in Japan

Updated:05.16.2014

The foot-and-mouth disease outbreak occurred in Miyazaki, Japan affected not only livestock industry but also the other local industries including tourism and restaurants, and the total economic loss has been estimated to be 2.4 billion USD. The damage was not limited on economy and it had huge impacts on the mental health of farmers, veterinarians and local civilians.

The Veterinary Epidemiology Unit is conducting collaborative researches with psychiatry experts at National Center for Psychiatry and Neurological Research, United Nations University and Miyazaki Prefecture Center for Mental Health and Welfare, and veterinarians at Miyazaki Agriculture Mutual Relief Association using veterinary and agricultural knowledge, and providing careful advice on interventions.

The unit started research on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) associated with animal hygiene in farms in 2013. The KAP in farm plays an important role in controlling animal infectious diseases. Analyzing factors associated with KAP of animal hygiene at the farm level may raise awareness of animal hygiene among farmers more effectively.

Rakuno Gakuen University Veterinary Epidemiology(2014.05.16)|

Decision making in controlling animal and zoonotic diseases

Updated:05.16.2014

Animal diseases are caused by complex factors including infectious and non-infectious factors in many cases. In veterinary epidemiology, risk factor analysis can elucidate the factors which have strong association with the disease, which will be useful in controlling the disease effectively. Also, economic analysis helps in decision making in selecting ideal control option.

The Veterinary Epidemiology Unit is providing technical services for dairy farms in Hokkaido in disease control at community level. We also try to facilitate introduction of economics in veterinary medicine, collaborating with an EU research project.

Collaborative research: NOSAI Okhotsk

Rakuno Gakuen University Veterinary Epidemiology(2014.05.16)|

Antimicrobial resistance

Updated:05.16.2014

Antibiotics have been contributing greatly to protecting our health, and even that of food animals when they are sick. However, the use of antibiotics may select antimicrobial resistance in animals.

The Veterinary Epidemiology Unit is analyzing the association between the use of antibiotics at farm level and the selection of antimicrobial resistance in the bacteria of animal origin, and also is assessing the risks to humans.

Rakuno Gakuen University Veterinary Epidemiology(2014.05.16)|

Sustainable improvement of food safety in developing countries

Updated:05.16.2014

In developing countries, most foods are marketed through informal food chains. Until recently, international aids focused on formal food chains, and on improving productivity of smallholder producers without considering the access to markets. It has been difficult to make significant impacts on such smallholder producers by this approach because the access to well-paid formal market is limited. Moreover, safety of informally-marketed foods, in which majority of people in developing countries appreciates affordability, rather than quality, had never been achieved.<br />
In order to solve this problem, international agricultural researches are shifting to focus on value chain (VC); intervention projects to improve safety of foods produced by smallholder farmers and to pull the products to formal value chain at the affordable price, considering food safety risks, economics and traditions. The Veterinary Epidemiology Unit has conducted collaborative researches together with the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in eight sub-Saharan African countries and currently is conducting in Vietnam and Kenya.

Rakuno Gakuen University Veterinary Epidemiology(2014.05.16)|

Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZD) in developing countries

Updated:11.19.2013

In developing countries, there are a number of endemic zoonoses which have been eradicated in developed countries, and these diseases have huge impacts on the economics and public health. However limited domestic and international resources are heavily allocated to trans-boundary zoonoses such as avian influenza, and other specific lethal diseases such as HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. Therefore there is a list of diseases called as ‘Neglected zoonotic diseases’ by the WHO.

Dr. Makita has been researching on brucellosis, which is a NZD, in Uganda since 2005. Brucellosis is one of the most prevalent zoonoses in the world and it causes abortion to livestock and systematic illness such as continuous and undulant fever and fatigue as well as localized lesions such as arthritis to humans. The Veterinary Epidemiology unit is going to research in Vietnam and Tanzania to identify sustainable disease control together with communities.

Rakuno Gakuen University Veterinary Epidemiology(2013.11.19)|
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